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An Enlarged Uterus: Causes and Treatment. Outlook

Introduction

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What causes an Enlarged Uterus? How can it be treated?

  • Causes and Symptoms
  • Treatment

Overview

The average uterus (also known as a woman’s womb) measures between 3 and 4 inches by 2.5 inches. It is the size and shape of an upside-down pear. There are many medical conditions that can lead to a uterus growing in sizes, such as pregnancy and uterine fibroids.

Your lower abdomen may feel heavy or your abdomen may protrude as your uterus expands. However, you may not experience any obvious symptoms.

Continue reading to find out more about the symptoms and causes of an enlarged uterus and how to treat it.

 

Many common reasons can cause the uterus’ normal size to be stretched beyond its limits.

Pregnancy

Normally, the uterus fits in the pelvis. Your uterus will expand 1,000 times during pregnancy. It will grow from a small fist to the size of a watermelon by the time you give birth.

Fibroids

Fibroids can be tumors that grow both inside and outside of the uterus. Experts don’t know what causes them. These growths could be caused by hormonal fluctuations or genetics. The office of Women’s Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Fibroids can affect up to 80 percent of women by the age of 50.

Although fibroids are not usually cancerous, they can cause:

  • Heavy menstrual bleeding
  • It can be painful
  • discomfort during sex
  • Lower back pain

Fibromas can be small and not cause noticeable symptoms.

Some people can become several times the size of their parents and may even make you look pregnant for several months. In a case study, for example. Published in 2016, a fibrillated woman was found to have a 6 lb uterus. The average uterus weighs 6 ounces. This is approximately the same weight as a hockey puck.

Adenomyosis

Adenomyosis occurs when the uterine lining (also called the endometrium) grows into the uterine walls. Although the exact cause is not known, adenomyosis can be linked to estrogen levels.

After menopause, most women experience a reduction in their symptoms. This is when estrogen stops being produced and periods stop. 

These symptoms are similar to fibroids. They include:

  • Heavy menstrual bleeding
  • Painful cramping
  • Pain with sex

Tenderness and swelling may be noticed in the lower abdomen by women with adenomyosis. Adenomyosis may cause a woman to have a uterus twice or three times the normal size.

Reproductive cancers

Tumors can be caused by cancers of the uterus and endometrium. Your uterus may swell depending on how large the tumors are.

Other symptoms include:

  • Atypical vaginal bleeding is bleeding that is not related to your menstrual cycle.
  • Pain with sex
  • Pelvic pain
  • Feeling like you can’t empty your bladder or experiencing pain when you urinate

Treatment and diagnosis

A swollen uterus is often found by accident. An example of this is when your doctor might find an enlarged uterus in a routine pelvic examination as part of a checkup for women. If your doctor is treating other symptoms such as abnormal menstruation, it may be detected.

Your uterus will shrink naturally if it is enlarged during pregnancy. Your uterus will shrink to half its original size within one week. It will be almost back to its original size in four weeks.

Medical intervention may be required for other conditions that could cause an enlarged uterus.

Fibroids

Fibroids large enough to stretch your uterus may require medical treatment.

Your doctor might prescribe birth control drugs. These may include birth control pills with estrogen and progesterone, or a progesterone-only device such as an IUD. Birth control medication can stop the growth of fibroids and reduce menstrual bleeding.

A third treatment is a uterine embolization. This involves inserting a thin tube into the uterus that injects small particles into the arteries. This cuts off blood supply to fibroids. The fibroids will then shrink and die if they aren’t receiving enough blood.

Sometimes, surgery may be necessary. Myomectomy is a surgical procedure to remove fibroids. The type of fibroids and their size will determine whether the procedure is performed with a Laparoscope, traditional surgery, or both. Laparoscopes are a thin surgical instrument that has a camera on one end. They can be inserted through small incisions or traditional surgery.

A hysterectomy is the complete surgical removal of your uterus. Fibroids are the number one reason for uterine fibroids. Fibroids are the No.

Hysterectomies can be performed. These are usually performed on women who have fibroids that cause severe symptoms or women who are not pregnant or near menopause.

A hysterectomy is possible.

Laparoscopically, even with a large uterus.

Adenomyosis

Adenomyosis can be treated with anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen (Advil and Motrin) or hormonal contraception like the birth control pill. This will reduce the pain and heavy bleeding. However, these medications will not reduce the size of an enlarged pelvis. Your doctor might recommend a hysterectomy in severe cases.

Reproductive cancers

Cancers of the uterus or endometrium, like other types of cancer, are usually treated with surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, or a combination thereof.

Hirak patel
Hirak patelhttps://techairo.com/
CEO at blogili.com. Have 3 years of experience in the websites field. Uneeb Khan is the premier and most trustworthy informer for technology, telecom, business, auto news, games review in World

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