An opioid derivative known as codeine phosphate will be comprehensively discussed in the following topic. Therapeutic indications for why it is prescribed? and all the features of this drug including the guidelines from where patients can buy codeine phosphate UK.
Codeine phosphate UK is an opium derivative or morphine. It is used to treat different numbers of medical conditions. Its implication is as an analgesic, antitussive agent and as anti-diarrheal medicine.
MECHANISM OF ACTION OF CODEINE PHOSPHATE:
The basic mechanism of action of Codeine is that it acts as a selective agonist to the opioid receptors. The percentage of affinity for the mu-receptor is much less as compared to the more potent morphine drug. Mu-receptors are responsible for pain transmission throughout the brain and the body.
AVAILABLE FORMS OF CODEINE PHOSPHATE:
Codeine phosphate 30 mg comes in an un-coated tablet or pill form. Each tablet contains 30 milligrams of hemihydrate and 16 milligrams of lactose BP.
INDICATIONS FOR USE OF CODEINE PHOSPHATE:
The medical conditions for which patients buy codeine phosphate UK are as follows:
- Analgesic to get symptomatic relief from pain that is mild to moderate in intensity.
- It is also indicated for symptomatic relief of un-productive cough.
- It is also given to the patients suffering from diarrhea.
RECMMENDED DOSAGE OF CODEINE PHOSPHATE:
Codeine phosphate dosage should be kept as minimum as possible and the risk and benefit ratio should be regularly monitored by the physician and it should also be used for the shortest possible intervals. As a general guideline maximum dosage in a day should not exceed 240 milligrams in a day. Total dosage can be divide and take in parts in a single day for example three to four times in a day. Medication course should be continued for 3 days and if no improvement is notice then the prescribe should be inform to treat via alternative options.
DOSAGE FOR ANALGESIA:
To achieve state of analgesia in an adult the dosage should be in between 30 to 60 milligrams given every four hour till the desire effects are achieve. Maximum dosage is 240 milligrams.
In elderly the dosage is relatively less. The dosage should be more clearly monitore among individuals with renal or hepatic insufficiencies.
It can be use only among children that are older than 12 years of age. The calculation of dosage is done as per the body weight with 0.5 to 1 milligram of dose per kilograms of body weight.
DOSAGE FOR COUGH:
Adult dose ranges between 15 to 30 milligrams three to four times a day. Among elderly patients usually dosage is reduce to half as compare to the adult dose.
DOSAGE FOR DIARRHEA:
Dosage for adults and children above 12 years of age ranges from 15 to 60 milligrams given three to four times in a day. Not recommended in children above 12 years. Should be prescribe carefully to renally and hepatically compromise geriatric patients.
Under certain medical conditions should be avoide to avoid any life-threatening complications. contraindicate for are as follows:
- Hypersensitivity reaction to the ingredients of the composition.
- Obstructive lung disorders
- Acute alcoholism
- Respiratory depression
- Associated risk of paralytic ileus
- Head trauma with raised intra-cranial pressure
- Contraindicated in lactose intolerant individuals
- Contraindicated for chronic alcoholic cases
ADVERSE EFFECTS OF CODEINE PHOSPHATE:
The most encountered codeine phosphate adverse effects are:
- Drug dependance
- Drug abuse
- Drug withdrawal symptoms
- Frequent yawning
- abdominal cramping
- increased in blood pressure
- increased respiratory rate
- increased pulse and heart rate
- if taken by expecting mother then the newly born child may experience neonatal withdrawal symptoms.
OPTIONS TO PURCHASE CODEINE PHOSPHATE:
As an over-the-counter medicine, was available for past many years in the countries such as UK, Ireland and France. It was also available in combined form with ibuprofen, aspirin and paracetamol but now prescription is must to procure them. Patients can get the drug from the stores and from online portals by using codeine phosphate 30 mg buy option one can get door step delivery. Only proper consultation and justified use can ensure that the medicine will do better than harm.